The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint where the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into the socket of the scapula (shoulder blade). During a shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder joint are removed and replaced with artificial components.
The procedure generally involves the following steps:
An incision is made in the shoulder area to access the joint.
2) Removal of damaged bone and cartilage:
The damaged humeral head (ball) is removed from the humerus, and the damaged socket is prepared by removing the damaged cartilage and bone.
3) Implant placement:
The artificial components are inserted. The humeral component consists of a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the humerus, and a metal or ceramic ball that replaces the humeral head. The glenoid component is a plastic socket that is usually fixed to the scapula with cement or screws.
Following the surgery, patients undergo a period of rehabilitation and physical therapy to regain strength, improve range of motion, and optimize function in the shoulder. Pain medication may be prescribed to manage postoperative discomfort.
Shoulder replacement surgeries are generally successful in relieving pain and improving shoulder function. However, as with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks and complications associated with shoulder replacement, including infection, blood clots, implant loosening or dislocation, nerve or blood vessel injury, and stiffness.
It's important to discuss the procedure's risks, benefits, and expected outcomes with an orthopedic surgeon specializing in shoulder replacements. They can evaluate your specific condition, discuss treatment options, and provide personalized recommendations based on your needs and circumstances.
Shoulder replacement, also known as shoulder arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the damaged or diseased shoulder joint is replaced with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis. It is performed to relieve pain, improve shoulder function, and enhance the quality of life for individuals with severe shoulder joint conditions.